Southern Ocean


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Southern Ocean - Wikipedia

The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica. As such, it is regarded as the fourth-largest of the five principal oceanic divisions: smaller than the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans but larger than the Arctic Ocean. This ocean zone is where cold, northward flowing waters from the Antarctic mix with warmer subantarctic waters. By way of his voyages in the 1770s, Captain James Cook proved that waters encompassed the southern latitudes of the globe. Since then, geographers have disagreed on the Southern Ocean's northern boundary or even existence, considering the waters as various parts of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans, instead. However, according to Commodore John Leech of the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), recent oceanographic research has discovered the importance of Southern Circulation, and the term Southern Ocean has been used to define the body of water which lies south of the northern limit of that circulation. This remains the current official policy of the IHO, since a 2000 revision of its definitions including the Southern Ocean as the waters south of the 60th parallel has not yet been adopted. Others regard the seasonally-fluctuating Antarctic Convergence as the natural boundary.

Languages Web page titles
Afrikaans Suidelike Oseaan
Albanian Oqeani Jugor
Amharic ደቡባዊ ውቅያኖስ
Arabic المحيط الجنوبي
Bengali দক্ষিণ মহাসাগর
Bulgarian قوهي îêهàي
Burmese တောင်ပိုင်း သမုဒ္ဒရာ
Chinese 南 冰 洋
Czech Ji‍nي oceلn
Danish Det Sydlige Ishav
Dutch Zuidelijke Oceaan
English Southern Ocean
Finnish Etelنinen jننmeri
French Océan Austral
German Südlicher Ozean
Greek حüôéïٍ ظêهليüٍ
Hebrew האוקיינוס הדרומי
Hindi दक्षिणध्रुवीय महासागर
Hungarian Déli-َceلn
Indonesian Samudra Selatan
Irish An tAigéan Antartach
Italian Oceano antartico
Japanese 南 極 海
Kazakh خңٍүٌٍ³ê ىұُèٍ
Khmer មហាសមុទ្រខាងត្បូង
Korean 남극해
Latvian Dienvidu okeāns
Malay Lautan Selatan
Mongolian Өмнөд نàëàé
Nepali अन्टार्क्टिक महासागर
Pashto جنوبي سمندر
Persian اقیانوس منجمد جنوبی
Polish Ocean Po³udniowy
Portuguese Oceano Antلrtico
Romanian Oceanul Antarctic
Russian Южный океан
Slovak Ju‍n‎ oceلn
Somali Badweynta Koonfured
Spanish Océano Antلrtico
Swedish Antarktiska oceanen
Tagalog Katimugang Karagatan
Thai มหาสมุทรใต้
Turkish Güney Okyanusu
Ukrainian د³âنهييèé îêهàي
Urdu بحر منجمد جنوبی
Uzbek Janubiy okean
Vietnamese Nam ذại Dương
Yoruba زkun Apلagْْsù

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