Harvard University

From Shengzi.net

Jump to: navigation, search



Harvard University - Wikipedia

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636, whose history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.

Established originally by the Massachusetts legislature and soon thereafter named for clergyman John Harvard (its first benefactor), Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and the Harvard Corporation (formally, the President and Fellows of Harvard College) is its first chartered corporation. Although never formally affiliated with any denomination, the early College primarily trained Congregational and Unitarian clergy. Its curriculum and student body were gradually secularized during the 18th century, and by the 19th century, Harvard had emerged as the central cultural establishment among Boston elites. Following the American Civil War, President Charles W. Eliot's long tenure (1869–1909) transformed the college and affiliated professional schools into a modern research university; Harvard was a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. James Bryant Conant led the university through the Great Depression and World War II and began to reform the curriculum and liberalize admissions after the war. The undergraduate college became coeducational after its 1977 merger with Radcliffe College.

The university is organized into eleven separate academic units—ten faculties and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study—with campuses throughout the Boston metropolitan area: its 209-acre (85 ha) main campus is centered on Harvard Yard in Cambridge, approximately 3 miles (5 km) northwest of Boston; the business school and athletics facilities, including Harvard Stadium, are located across the Charles River in the Allston neighborhood of Boston and the medical, dental, and public health schools are in the Longwood Medical Area. Harvard's $34.5 billion financial endowment is the largest of any academic institution.

Harvard is a large, highly residential research university. The nominal cost of attendance is high, but the university's large endowment allows it to offer generous financial aid packages. It operates several arts, cultural, and scientific museums, alongside the Harvard Library, which is the world's largest academic and private library system, comprising 79 individual libraries with over 18 million volumes. Harvard's alumni include eight U.S. presidents, several foreign heads of state, 62 living billionaires, 359 Rhodes Scholars, and 242 Marshall Scholars. To date, some 130 Nobel laureates, 18 Fields Medalists, and 13 Turing Award winners have been affiliated as students, faculty, or staff.


Languages Web page titles
Afrikaans Harvard-universiteit
Albanian Universiteti i Harvardit
Amharic ሃርቨርድ ዩኒቨርሲቲ
Arabic جامعة هارفارد
Bengali হার্ভার্ড বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়
Bulgarian Харвардски университет
Burmese ဟားဗတ် တက္ကသိုလ်
Chinese 哈 佛 大 学
Czech Harvardova univerzita
Danish Harvard Universitet
Dutch Harvard-universiteit
English Harvard University
Finnish Harvardin yliopisto
French Université Harvard
German Harvard Universität
Greek Πανεπιστήμιο Χάρβαρντ
Hebrew אוניברסיטת הרווארד
Hindi हार्वर्ड विश्वविद्यालय
Hungarian Harvard Egyetem
Indonesian Universitas Harvard
Irish Ollscoil Harvard
Italian Università di Harvard
Japanese ハ ー バ ー ド 大 学
Kazakh Гарвард университеті
Khmer សកលវិទ្យាល័យ​ហា​វើត
Korean 하버드 대학교
Latvian Hārvarda Universitāte
Malay Universiti Harvard
Mongolian Харвардын их сургууль
Nepali हार्वर्ड विश्वविद्यालय
Pashto د هارورډ پوهنتون
Persian دانشگاه هاروارد
Polish Uniwersytet Harvarda
Portuguese Universidade Harvard
Romanian Universitatea Harvard
Russian Гарвардский университет
Slovak Harvardská univerzita
Somali Jaamacadda Harvard
Spanish Universidad de Harvard
Swedish Harvard Universitet
Tagalog Pamantasang Harvard
Thai มหาวิทยาลัยฮาร์วาร์ด
Turkish Harvard Üniversitesi
Ukrainian Гарвардський університет
Urdu ہارورڈ یونیورسٹی
Uzbek Harvard universiteti
Vietnamese Đại học Harvard
Yoruba Yunifásítì Harvard


Personal tools



         

Toolbox