Golden Gate Park
Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, California, United States, is a large urban park consisting of 1,017 acres (412 ha) of public grounds. It is administered by the San Francisco Recreation & Parks Department, which began in 1871 to oversee the development of Golden Gate Park. Configured as a rectangle, it is similar in shape but 20 percent larger than Central Park in New York, to which it is often compared. It is over three miles (4.8 km) long east to west, and about half a mile (0.8 km) north to south. With 13 million visitors annually, Golden Gate is the fifth most-visited city park in the United States after Central Park in New York City, Lincoln Park in Chicago, and Balboa and Mission Bay Parks in San Diego.
In the 1860s, San Franciscans began to feel the need for a spacious public park similar to Central Park, which was then taking shape in New York City. Golden Gate Park was carved out of unpromising sand and shore dunes that were known as the Outside Lands, in an unincorporated area west of San Francisco's then-current borders. Conceived ostensibly for recreation, the underlying purpose of the park was housing development and the westward expansion of the city. The tireless field engineer William Hammond Hall prepared a survey and topographic map of the park site in 1870 and became its commissioner in 1871. He was later named California's first state engineer and developed an integrated flood control system for the Sacramento Valley. The park drew its name from nearby Golden Gate Strait.
金门公园 建于1871年，在这之前，它被唤做「野地」，名副其实一片荒野，而今，百万棵绿木力敌贫瘠的沙地和强风浓雾的侵袭，成功的将荒地蜕变成旧金山引以为傲的绿色之肺，与纽约的 中央公园 并立为美国东西岸最具代表性的两大绿地。
旧金山 金门公园占地1017英亩，从斯塔尼安街向西延伸三英里多，直到大洋海滩。公园长约4千米，横跨53条街，是世界最大的人工公园。1887年，旧金山市购入黄土地上生长的5000多种植物，以做修饰。这座全美面积最广阔的公园，就从惊涛拍岸的太平洋滨，一路迤逦到 旧金山市 中心，磅礴的气势一改人们对于公园“精致小巧”的刻板印象，令人激赏。
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