Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City, U.S. state of New York. It comprises 843 acres (341 ha) between the Upper West Side and Upper East Side, roughly bounded by Fifth Avenue on the east, Central Park West (Eighth Avenue) on the west, Central Park South (59th Street) on the south, and Central Park North (110th Street) on the north. Central Park is the most visited urban park in the United States, with 40 million visitors in 2013, and one of the most filmed locations in the world.
The park was established in 1857 on 778 acres (315 ha) of land acquired by the city. In 1858, landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted and architect/landscape designer Calvert Vaux won a design competition to improve and expand the park with a plan they titled the "Greensward Plan". Construction began the same year, and the park's first area was opened to the public in the winter of 1858. Construction north of the park continued during the American Civil War in the 1860s, and the park was expanded to its current size in 1873. After a period of decline in the early 20th century, Robert Moses started a program to clean up Central Park. Another decline in the late 20th century spurred the creation of the Central Park Conservancy in 1980, which refurbished many parts of the park during the 1980s and 1990s.
号称纽约“后花园”的中央公园，不只是纽约市民的休闲地，更是世界各地旅游者喜爱的旅游胜地。1850年新闻记者威廉·布莱恩特在《纽约邮报》上进行公园建设运动之后，1856年Frederick Law Olmsted和Calbert Vaux两位风景园林设计师建成了此公园。中央公园 坐落在摩天大楼耸立的曼哈顿正中，占地843英亩（约5000多亩），是 纽约 最大的都市公园，也是纽约第一个完全以园林学为设计准则建立的公园。
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